• Thiha Lu Lin

A Visit to Hsipaw

Updated: Sep 11, 2020

Hsipaw, the royal capital of former Sawbwas, is one of the long-established towns of Northern Shan State in Myanmar. During my visit to PyinOoLwin, I joined Cherry Hill May Myo Tours to visit Hsipaw.

As for me, I took only a sightseeing tour around the town. For those who would like to do trekking around the villages and mountains, Hsipaw could be one of the best destinations in Northern Shan State.

From Ohn Baung to Hsipaw

Hsipaw was one of the four royal capitals of Ohn Baung dynasty. As they established royal capitals in these towns- Hsipaw, Mongton, Minelon, Thone Sel, you will feel the royalty of Sawbwas when you visit there.

Hsipaw was established in 59BC by Ohn Baung Sawbwa Saw Hkan Zaw. It is said that it has been called Hsipaw from Ohn Baung since early Kon Baung period. It is also said that the Ohn Baung Sawbwa moved the royal capital from Ohn Baung to Hsipaw.

The reason of being called as Hsipaw is that a ruby stone was found when digging the ground to build the palace and it was called Hsaing Paw in Shan language, and then, the name has become Hsipaw many years later.

Hsipaw has become popular among local and foreign travellers because of ‘Twilight Over Burma’, a book about the love story of Shan Sawbwa Sao Kya Hseng and his wife Austrian Madi Devi during 1960.

Hsipaw was ruled by Shan Sawbwas traditionally until 2nd March 1962.


Although it is a hill town, it is not always cold. It is usually cold from November to February, and it is hot starting from March throughout the raining season.

How to get there?

It will take around 4 hours to get Hsipaw from Mandalay. It can also be reached by plane from Mandalay or Lashio. As it takes only one hour drive from Hsipaw to Lashio, it is faster to come back via Lashio flight. It took me three hours from Pyin Oo Lwin by car and so I could make a day trip to Hsipaw.

From PyinOoLwin to Hsipaw

During my stay in Thiha Bala Hotel in Pyi Oo Lwin, I was recommended to join a tour with Cherry Hill May Myo Tours for the trip to Hsipaw. Among the tours around PyinOoLwin, Trekking tours and Goke-Hteik tours, I chose a day trip included lunch to Hsipaw.

If interested, contact

Cherry Hill May Myo Tours

Ph :: 09695503342 , 09695503343

Visiting at Hsipaw

It seemed that there were only people crossing the Lashio-Muse highway road, but there are more tourists than local travellers who visit villages and natural places in Hsipaw. During Bawgyo pagoda festival, Hsipaw has become alive and crowded.

My day trip includes-

Historical Bawgyo Pagoda

The Bawgyo Pagoda will be seen if you come from PyinOoLwin. Therefore, it can be said that the pagoda is far from downtown. The pond near the pagoda is said to have appeared while digging for salt, so it is assumed to have been a salt-producing area in the past. It is also said that the name was derived from Maw Kay (salt pot) or Pawt Kyo (the place to welcome the father).

There are 4 Buddha images donated by Nayapati Sithumin:

  • Yadana Man Aung Buddha image (Eastern entrance)

  • Yadana Nyan Aung Buddha image (Southern entrance)

  • Yadana Yan Aung Buddha image (Northern entrance)

  • Yadana Zan Aung Buddha image (Western entrance)

These 800 years old Bouddha images can be found in Bagan handicrafts. The pagoda festival is held annually from 10th waxing of Tabaung to first waning of Tabaung before Thingyan festival. You need to come before 5 pm to pay homage to the Buddha images inside the pagoda because the door inside is closed at 5 pm.

Hsipaw Haw Nan

Hsipaw Haw Nan, a must-visit place, is the palace of Hsipaw Sawbwas. One can visit during the opening hour only. There were three Sawbwas who built three Haw Nans. Sao Hkun Saing, the 85th Sawbwa, constructed the first Haw Nan in 1888. He was the one who established Hsipaw, too. In 1922, 86th Sawbwa Sir Sao Khe built Sakhanthar Haw, and 87th Sawbwa Sao On Kya made Hsipaw Haw in 1924.

The first two Haw Nans were destroyed, and only Hsipaw Haw Nan has been standing tall for 95 years now. This Haw Nan was the place where the last Sawbwa Sao Kya Hseng and his Austrian wife Mahar Devi Sao Thu Sandi, lived with their two daughters. Their love story was portrayed in the book “Twilight over Burma”. The book was also filmed. After Sawbwa Sao Kya Hseng had disappeared, the wife and two daughters moved abroad in 1964. Then, the nephew of the Sawbwa took care of the palace, and it has been opened to public till today. Also, Sawbwa’s family members occasionally tell stories about history.

Visitors must pay special attention to the opening and closing hours because the Haw Nan is open from 3 pm to 5 pm every day and the gate of the palace will not be available for any reason except those hours. There is no entrance fee for both foreigner and local.

Little Bagan

For those who visit Hsipaw on their itinerary, little Bagan can be found on Google Map. A group of pagodas with some deterioration can be found as a little Bagan. I think it needs some conservation. The place is one of the photo spots of Hsipaw.

Mahar Nanda Kantha Bamboo Bagda

Right before the little Bagan, there is a lotus pond where Mahar Nanda Kantha Monastery is a beautiful Shan monastery. Above the monastery, there is a Bamboo Pagoda, and in front of the monastery, there are also groups of pagodas that are similar to the pagodas in Bagan.

Hsipaw Chaung Sone

Among the visiting places in Hsipaw, Hsipaw Chaung Sone is the place where young people enjoy the most. It takes 40 minutes to get to the confluence of Namatu creek and Nama creek where Dotehtawaddy River starts.

The confluence seems as multi-layered small waterfalls, and it is stunning if it is seen from above.

Holy oil pots

The visitors should not miss the sacred oil pots whenever they go to Hsipaw. Don’t think they are just pots. They are well constructed with brick and cement. They are placed underground at four corners of the city as yadaya or shaman visitation. They can be seen there and are refilled to date. But it is a little difficult to find them. They can be seen clearly under the banyan tree at the boat gate of Dotehtawaddy river. It is not much far from the way to Hsipaw. It can be easily reached to the one near the compound of the Customs Department. The 85th Sawbwa Sao Kyar Khaing made such yadaya. The holy oil pots are located

  1. at the northeast corner of the town- Shwenyaungbin,

  2. at the southeast corner of the town- the compound of Customs Department,

  3. at the southwest corner of the town- Oakkyin Ward

  4. at the northwest corner of the town- Myanamryat Lodge.

It is about 2,706ft far from each oil pot. I study the oil pots located at Shwenyaungbin and the compound of the Customs Department. There is a saying that if the oil pots dry up, the city will become to face diseases and damages. If they are not, the city will be more prosperous. I carefully study the oil pots when I reach there, and the pots are checked once a year.

Nam Hu Nwe Waterfall

Most of the people make trekking to the natural waterfalls in the southern part of Hsipaw. They can be reached by passing through the Shan villages. This trip is not included in Cherry Hill Tour.

Thein Taung

The visitors can enjoy the sunset by climbing up Thein Taung. They can proceed to the top of the mountain on foot or by motorcycle. This trip also does not include in Cherry Hill Tour.

Hsipaw Market

When I reached there, there were a few people in the market. But it offers a variety of traditional handicrafts including bamboo hats, costumes and traditional food. I felt something strange as I saw made in China products among Shan traditional materials. Hsipaw market is an excellent place to buy souvenir and food.

Other places to visit

Here is a collection of places where I did not arrive during my trip.

  • Sawbwa Cemetery (Lwal Moke Taung)

  • Maha Myat Muni pagoda

Steamed rice in banana leaf with various Shan cuisines
Peaches, pineapples, and mangoes sold in the market make me mouth water.
I had my lunch at the Bamboo House in Hsipaw.

Although it seems that there are very few places to visit in Hsipaw, it is recommended to take time in local hotels and join trekking tours to enjoy nature fully. I’ve done trekking in many places but Hsipaw. But I have a plan to make it once I have time in the future. I thank Cherry Hill May Myo Tours for the tour. It was only 30,000 kyats including local guide, car, lunch, water, and boat fee. The tour is 30,000 kyats each for five persons, 40,000 kyats each for four persons, 45,000 kyats each for three persons and 50,000 kyats each for two persons.

May you all have a safe trip!

Thiha Lu Lin (Thiha, the Traveller)

Photo :: Aung Naing Oo (Danamoe Pyin Oo Lwin Photo), Ko Ko, Thiha Lu Lin

Camera :: SONY Alpha 7II with 16 - 35mm Lens + Other Camera

Photos are modified in Lightroom by Thet Naung (Danamoe), Thiha Lu Lin

Translated by Ei Phyu Phyu Aung and Khine Thazin Han.

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About Me

My name is Thiha who aspires to travel and learn as much as possible. I work as a travel blogger, author, event host, master of ceremony and brand endorser.

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